Winter has arrived and along with it comes cold and flu season. All of us are at a high risk of catching a cold, cough and stuffy nose during the winter season. None of us are totally immune to these winter ailments. Hence proper precautions and good hygiene should be maintained at all times. If these ailments are not treated properly, then these small infections can prove to be very deadly.
Common cold and Sinusitis:
A cold is a viral infection marked by runny nose or nasal congestion, sore throat, cough, or headache. Colds are caused by many different types of virus and can occur year round, although they are most frequent in the winter months.
Most colds worsen over 3-5 days and then begin to improve.
Sinus problems occur when homes are closed and there is no proper ventilation. To stay clear of sinusitis this season, make sure you get enough rest, eat healthy and drink plenty of fluids to avoid catching a cold. Stay away from dust.
The most common symptoms of influenza are fever, headache, body pains and fatigue. At times people with influenza may also show symptoms like stuffy nose, sneezing and sore throat. The best way to stay away from influenza is washing your hands constantly , avoid contact with people who have influenza as it is highly contagious.
It is most often seen in school-aged children. Children frequently present with sore throat, headache, and stomachache. Some children will get high fevers or vomit. Sore throat does not cause cold symptoms or coughing. It can usually be easily treated with medication and children with strep throat should be treated to help prevent later complications from this infection.
Keep drinking hot water, when the temperature dips down. Avoid icy cold stuff if your throat is already sore. For quick relief, keep gargling with warm salty water at regular intervals.
One of the most common problems that people face during the winter is itchy skin. Cold temperature with low humidity results in winter itch.
Avoid eating oily street food, apply coconut or olive oil on your skin to avoid flakes and drink lot of green tea to avoid itchy skin.
There are many people who do suffer from the joint pain in winter. One of the most common remedies to get relief from joint pains is keeping yourselves and your feet warm. Exercising is another way to get rid of all joint and muscle stiffness during winter time.
Precautions to fight against Winter Diseases
- Wear extra layers of clothes to keep yourself warm
- Maintain hygiene
- Moisturize frequently
- Avoid consuming cold water
- Take luke warm water for bath
- Eat a healthy diet.